In one third of all yearly Australian permanent visa grants, close family connection is the basis. Close family includes fiancé/partners, dependent children and parents with the balance of their children in Australia. As the world becomes smaller, partners, including spouses and de facto, are about 80% of this family stream. Citizenship can be chosen after 4 years residence.
The remaining two thirds of all Australian permanent visa grants are for the skilled stream. This stream is the foundation of current Australian migration policy.